The Plot
Animal Farm is the story of revolution in a nation of dissatisfied citizens. George Orwell's intention while writing this book was to communicate his opinion of communism in a creative way. Mr. Jones, owner of Manor Farm, was driven away by his animals who were led by the smartest pigs on the farm, Snowball and Napoleon. These two "take charge" leaders were inspired by Old Major, the old boar on the farm, who relayed his dream of total control through the song "Beasts of England". With their ancestor's wisdom, they follow through with his dreams by creating the Seven Commandments and gathering the support of other animals. Some of their many followers were intelligent, some were not, some big, some small, some enthusiastic, some lackadaisical, some loyal, and some rebellious. The laziest of them all were Moses the crow, and the black cat. Although they weren't too helpful, there were many animals who did a much better job like Squealer the pig, Mollie, Clover, and Boxer the horses, and Benjamin the donkey. With the help of these comrades, minus Snowball, Napoleon attempted to sustain a democracy. Throughout the days of the Battle of Cowshed and the building of the windmill, Napoleon created a government no better than the one that had been presented to them by the human race.
"The Beasts of England"

Beasts of England, beasts of Ireland,
Beasts of every land and clime,
Hearken to my joyful tidings
Of the golden future time.

Soon or late the day is coming,
Tyrant Man shall be o'er thrown
And the fruitful fields of England
Shall be trod by beasts alone.

Rings shall vanish from our noses,
And the harness from our back,
Bit and spur shall rust forever
Cruel whips no more shall crack.

Riches more than mind can picture,
Wheat and barley, oats and hay,
Clover, beans, and mangel-wurzels
Shall be ours upon that day.

Bright will shine the fields of England,
Purer shall its waters be,
Sweater yet shall blow its breezes
On the day that sets us free.

For that day we all must labour,
Though we die before it break,
Cows and horses, geese and turkeys
All must toil for freedom's sake.

Beasts of England, beasts of Ireland,
Beasts of every land and clime,
Hearken well and spread my tidings
Of the golden future time.
Developed by Snowball, and later modified by Napoleon, the Seven Commandments were developed to keep order in Animal Farm while still allowing for the most freedom possible. These commandments were modified by Napoleon near the end of his rule, when he decided that it would be best if he and his fellow pigs slept, drank in Jones's house, and when he felt the need to justify the murders that he ordered his dogs to carry out.
During the Battle of Cowshed, Jones and his friends returned to Animal Farm to attempt to regain control. The animals lose one sheep in the battle, and the humans have only one casualty--a man who was injured for only a few minutes and then ran away quickly. This battle was the last attempt to get the farm back.
The windmill was a project initially mentioned by Snowball, and later, after his banishment, was taken over by Napoleon. The windmill caused great controversy between the two leaders, and that was the final chapter in Snowball's ruling years. Once constructed, it was to be used for a number of things, but mainly, a power source. This power was supposed to allow for lights in every stall, electric heating of the barn throughout the winter, as well as power for many farm tools.

This site was created by Brad Griffith ©1996